Prof. Maryanne Horowitz Becoming a Multi-Varied Individual
Fall 2016: CSP 14   


Prof. Maryanne Horowitz   Office S. Swan 314.    Phone 323-259-2583
Section l Mon., Wed., Fri. 11:45 a.m.-12:40  p.m. Johnson 106            

Section 2 Mon, Wed., Fri., 12:50 p.m. -1:45 p.m. Johnson 203

Office Hours in Swan 314Mon 10-10:55 and Friday 8-9:50 a.m. and by appointment, especially your specific other time Mon &  Fri. mornings

Writing Fellow is DWA senior Isabella Korfmann (Bella).  Office hours  for CSP 14 1 & 2 ONLY. Tues. 7-9 p.m and also Thurs 2:30-4:30 at Writing Center area on Ground Floor of Academic Commons Students:  please use the updated on-line syllabus..  On-line syllabus has links.

Horowitz Home Page   


Campus mail to Horowitz,  
Hist. Dept., S. Swan 


Books ordered for Bookstore:

Robert C. Davis, and Beth Lindsmith, Renaissance People: Lives that Shaped the Modern Age (Getty Publications)  (Quotations are acknowledged pp. 329-331)

Kate L. Turabian, Student’s Guide to Writing College Papers, 4th edition (U Chicago Press) (required of all first-year Occidental College students)  

Voltaire, Candide, pb. Dover Thrift Editions series  (useful for marking up; or use on-line edition next item below) (in bookstore Sept. 29)

On-line Reserve (at class MOODLE site)

Voltaire, Candide, or, Optimism on-line editions through Oasys Project Gutenburg version  at:   (one clicks on endnote to get editorial information By Philip Littell)  

Jerry Brotton, The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford Univ. Press, (l pb. on reserve, may be ordered in pb.)

Especially recommended books, articles, behind circulation desk or electronic on Reserves at MOODLE CSP 14

Oxy library stacks have many more books, as does Link + and ILL. (Library workshop Oct. 3)


Improve reading comprehension: summary, analysis, and comparison

Improve critical thinking and writing (in accord with first-year Occidental College rubric)

Examine lives of multi-varied individuals and re-consider one’s own priorities

Consider educational or societal ideals and challenges of creating such an education or such a society.

Develop empathy and tolerance for others by working collaboratively with fellow students and by stepping into the issues and concerns of people who lived in the past.

Paper Requirements. All Monday drafts and Wed. final papers are to be passed in at beginning of class in 2 copies. 1 will be returned; 1 will be retained to help in writing improvement in office hour meetings.   Print Times Roman font, 12 point, double-spaced, 1 inch margins. Include at end Works Cited. Make parenthetical references M.L.A. style; be sure that you mention the original author of a quotation. Either 2-sided or l sided, pages are to be numbered and stapled together before you arrive in class. For Wikipedia where articles are anonymous, only use material wherein you may cite the author in the endnote.  For paper 3 only, please use Univ. of Chicago Style of Endnotes and Bibliography divided into Primary Sources and Secondary Sources.


20% Participation including peer-reading and review and oral presentations in 5 sessions.

20%  2 in-class essay exams (dates for Brown Lab, Oct. 17 and Nov. 28)

50%   10% each 5  4-page polished essays, some built up from shorter essays  ( 5 Wednesdays)

10%  5% each.   Fri. Oct. 28  Pass in Portfolio so far at Swan 314 Office Hours 8-9:50 a.m.   Optional to include takehome hour exam recommended for students who received B- or less on Hour exam.  3 papers & exam creates Grade of 40% of class grade.  

1)      Fri. Oct. 28 Portfolio of all peer-reviewed Mon. drafts and evaluated 20-24 pp. polished pages (Times Roman, 12 Point, 1 inch margin). You may include other drafts or notes, as well as your improvements since receiving back those “polished” papers.   2) Include exams with later writing improvements inserted. 3) Class notes and Reading notes and any Written exercises assigned to class or that you did to improve your writing (from Turabian, or They Say/I Say)  Fine to print notes 10 point, single space, taken on a computer. .   Optional to include takehome hour exam recommended for students who received B- or less on Hour exam.  3 papers & exam creates Grade of 40% of class grade.  

2)      Fri. Dec. 2.  Pass in smaller lightweight portfolio at class—use a paper-size folder that would fit into a large envelope.  The first folios met class needs, and second folio will be much smaller in this order:

1. 1-2 page typed commentary citing specifically how your writing has improved and aspects of your writing that you want to improve upon during spring semester (cite Turabian and rubric in relationship to specific papers). 2. Paper 4 and Paper 5 with corrections marked directly on the papers or typed in new sentences attached by l staple with light pencil cross-out on original.  No other versions. 3. Class notes since Oct. 28.

Weeks: Throughout the semester, be reading Turabian and applying the writing principles to your writing of papers and evaluating of other students’ papers.  There is no exam on Turabian; it is a book for you to apply to all your writing at Occidental College.

1)      Read on electronic reserve through MOODLE, Brotton, Introduction on 1-8 on Holbein, The Ambassadors. Buy Books. Renaissance People, pp. 9-15 on 1400-1450 ,pp. 48-51 on 1450-1475, introduces the 15th century. Prepare for Friday oral 2-minute report on fields of contribution of assigned 15th century figure in Renaissance People. Grendler’s Encyclopedia of the Renaissance is on reserve (index in 6th volume)

Wed. Aug. 31 Introduction. Form to fill out.  Introduction to course.  See Burckhardtian Renaissance Powerpoint at MOODLE course site.

Fri. Sept. 2. Oral 2-minute reports from Renaissance People assigned in class. (bookstore, l copy on reserve, or in a pinch use Grendler from reserves). Exercise in using your own words unless you say “quoting Robert Davis and Beth Lindsmith.”  Master Policies at end of Syllabus, especially “College Policy on Academic Honesty.”

2) Read Brotton,  Introduction, pp. 9-18 on interpreting the period 14th-17th centuries. Use Turabian as needed for writing. Study MLA Style ch. 19, for making your Works Cited and Parenthetical Notes.

Sept. 5 is Labor Day Holiday

Wed. Sept. 7 See Prompt for paper 1 on MOODLE.   Have gone into Oxy stacks and bring one book to class for which you are considering using a section and citing in your first paper. Bring Turabian and your typed draft of your Works Cited list with that book, Brotton, and Renaissance People.   One way to browse in stacks is to see look near the call numbers of books I put on reserve; another way is to look up in Oasys a Keyword or Subject and on finding a book of interest and browse near that book in the stacks.  First, completing the oral reports; second, workshop on Works Cited, 2 groups by dorm affiliation.

F. Sept. 9 Thorne Hall CSP Lecture 11:50 a.m.  Martha Gonzalez.  Take notes (including your reactions to points)  to use in CSP spring required in-class writing. (Long time off, hard to remember a lecture from Septemer.) Right after lecture, I’ll be outside Thorne Hall with CSP 14 students--happy to hear your thoughts on any point in the lecture.

3) Brotton, ch. 1 “A global Renaissance”   Renaissance People, pp. 90-93, 136-139 on years 1470-1495 and 1490-1515. Follow your interests, reading within Renaissance People, sections 2, 3, 4.

Mon. Sept. 12 10 minutes discuss viewpoint of Martha Gonzalez.  Bring Turabian for reading 2-pages due on other multi-varied individuals of Renaissance, optionally also of today.  (MLA parenthetical notes and Works Cited include Renaissance People)   Writing Workshop.  Contributes to paper 1 due Wed. Sept. 14.

Prompt  for paper 1:  (See Prompt 1 on MOODLE for background from Oxford English Dictionary)

Focusing particularly on one multifaceted individual from the Renaissance and one from today who excel in at least l common field (like politics, writing, inventing, preserving a distinct culture, etc.), take a stand on the different challenges of excelling in more than l field during the 15th-17th centuries versus during the late 20th and early 21st centuries.


Focusing on 2-4 multifaceted individuals of the Renaissance, make an argument that certain social backgrounds, experiences, or training encouraged productivity in multiple fields of endeavor.

Wed. Sept. 14    Pass in 2 copies of  Paper 1 at beginning of class. (Follow Paper Requirements above.) Write at least 4 full pages discussing specific multi-varied individuals of Renaissance and optionally of today. Thesis should respond to one of the two prompts for paper 1.  You may utilize your rewritten  2 pages within a 4-page paper with thesis. Include MLA parenthetical notes and Works Cited. Include Renaissance People and at least l library book.  For a contemporary person, it is also necessary to make citations, perhaps to news articles.  

Fri. Sept. 16 Bring to class your concise reading notes, aiming for main points of  Brotton, ch. 1. Be prepared to point out features of painting by Holbein, The AmbassadorsClass work on Burckhardtian Renaissance and ch. 1 of Brotton.

4) Read and take notes on Brotton, ch. 2 “The humanist script” (Use Brotton’s headings and take notes like the best you saw in class Friday.) Later you’ll compare Brotton’s interpretation of humanist writing with the interpretation of  your lecturer.

Browse throughout Renaissance People and read the biographies of those who interest you the most.

Mon. Sept. 19  Lecture begins on stages of Renaissance humanism: Petrarchan humanism and civic humanism.

Wed. Sept. 21 Bring 2 copies of your choice of topic a or b for Paper 2, list of Renaissance people you will discuss (OK to have too many in order to narrow later), draft of Works Cited.  Have gathered needed books—you have time to order books from Link +.  Try to include primary sources (texts translated into English or images about or by a Renaissance person you are studying) Bring Turabian—workshop on  improving the returned paper 1.

Fri. Sept. 23 Lecture on stages of humanist education and writing continues: neo-Platonic humanism and Biblical humanism.  Google images: Botticelli, Primavera and Birth of Venus. 

5) Brotton, ch. 3 “Church and state  Continue to make clear reading notes on Brotton.

Mon. Sept. 26 Bring full draft of paper 2 with clear introduction and Turabian.  Writing Workshop on Introduction (thesis, people to be discussed, your approach or methods).   Presentation on High Renaissance Art-images from Janson’s History of Art, ch. 16 (Da Vinci and Michelangelo) Word “androcentric” for Leonardo’s Vitruvian man.

Wed. Sept. 28  Paper 2. Include Renaissance People.  Choices: a) Write a paper on the views of a few Renaissance women writers (include from reserve  a sections of Women Writers of the Renaissance and Reformation, Her Immaculate Hand, or Republic of Women and one book from series title “Other voice in early modern Europe” (61 books listed at Oxy library) b) Pick 6 Renaissance individuals who contributed either to architecture or sculpture,  science, humanism, painting, global exploration, or political leadership. Discuss their contributions to that field and how they combined that talent with other talents.  Use reserve library resources and at least one other source.

Continuation of Presentation on High Renaissance Art-images from Janson’s History of Art, ch. 16. (Michelangelo, Da Vinci, Raphael)

Fri. Sept. 30 Bring 2nd hard copy of paper 2 for reserves by topic. Write in top margin the category: women writers, artists, scientists, humanists, explorers, political leaders, etc.  Read in Renaissance People, introductions, pp. 189-192 on  years 1510-1535, and pp. 238-241 on years 1530-50.  Begin reading in Renaissance People those picked by your fellow students (include some from each category for studying for exam 1.) (List on MOODLE) Wise to pick your next paper topic (see Oct. 21 and reserves mentioned) for seeking out additional sources in workshop Oct. 3.

Issues for interpreting the Age of Reformations

6) Mon. Oct. 3 Go downstairs in Academic Commons to  O-MAC lab.  Workshop on finding sources with librarian Ryan Brubacher, Center for Digital Liberal Arts.  

Wed. Oct. 5 Review of Burckhardt, Brotton, and Horowitz interpretations of the age of the Renaissance, the Protestant Reformation, and the Catholic Reformation. See on reserve on Topic 1: Key Events of Rulers influencing Reformations. Google “Pieter Bruegel landscapes” (In Protestant lands where demand for altarpieces declined, landscapes and portraits were genres artists provided for secular patrons.)   Advice on studying for exam Oct. 17. In Burckhardt, we’ve been writing papers on topic of Part II “Development of the Individual,” and for exam we will be focusing on theme of “Discovery of the World and of Man”  Burckhardt with clear table of contents at  Next week’s film will be included.

Fri. Oct. 7 Practice for exam: Students to bring in a few typed sentences indicating differences of interpretation between 2 historians for class work on what evidence would support either side.

7) Brotton, ch. 4 “Brave New Worlds”  Typed reading notes. Consider explorers, mapmakers, diplomats, trade, disease, gunpowder, and global encounters.    

Fall Break.

Wed. Oct. 12 No class.  By Thurs. Oct. 13, 10 a.m., pass in to Horowitz mailbox outside Swan 314, l analysis of 3 students’ paper 2 (Assignment on MOODLE, papers in envelopes on 2-hour in-library use.

Thursday, Oct. 13 6 p.m-8:30 p.m., Mosher 1, evening showing Return of Martin Guerre (Historian Natalie Davis was consultant on this film made in a village in France about an event among peasants in 16th century) (Natalie Davis’s book on reserve for those interested) 

Fri. Oct. 14  Discuss issues of “identity” and “individualism” for several characters in Return of Martin Guerre.

8) Mon. Oct. 17 In-Class Exam 1, Brown Lab, Academic Commons.   Question will ask you to type a well-written essay supporting or rejecting aspects of the cited major generalization by Burckhardt about the Renaissance using what you have learned from Horowitz, Brotton, Davis & Lindsmith, and the historical film.

Wed. Oct. 19  Bring draft of paper 3, with Univ. of Chicago endnotes for Writing Workshop. Bring Turabian—have read and applied ch. 18 to paper 3. Use section for a selection in an edited book.

Fri. Oct. 21 Paper 3 Write a paper discussing issues raised in one of the electronic reserves packet of readings on 1) Alberti and Nogorola 2) Ferdinand and Isabella  3) Luther and Katharina or 4) Galileo and  Sister Maria Celeste. You may find and use additional primary and secondary sources, but definitely analyze and cite some of the primary sources in the packet to make claims. For this paper, make a Bibliography divided into Primary and Secondary Sources and endnote in Univ. of Chicago format citing author of particular selection (see Turabian,  section

9 Mon. Oct. 24   Writing workshop on selection from They Say; I Say.  Lecture on Renaissance Diplomacy

 Wed. Oct. 26 Bring to class Turabian and at least 2 full pages and Works Cited of draft of paper 4  due next Wed.   Writing Workshop.   Continuation of Lecture on Renaissance Diplomacy  Spain’sRequirement” for Indigenous peoples.  Diego Ribero’s map of the world in ambassadorial negotiation.

Fri. Oct. 28  Pass in Portfolio so far at Swan 314 Office Hours 8-9:50 a.m. .   Fri. Oct. 28  Pass in Portfolio so far at Swan 314 Office Hours 8-9:50 a.m.  Include items 1-3 listed for Dec. 2 Portfolio ABOVE: 1) Portfolio of all peer-reviewed Mon. drafts and evaluated 20-24 pp. polished pages (Times Roman, 12 Point, 1 inch margin). You may include other drafts or notes, as well as your improvements since receiving back those “polished” papers.   2) Include exams with later writing improvements inserted. 3) Class notes and Reading notes and any Written exercises assigned to class or that you did to improve your writing (from Turabian, or They Say/I Say)  Fine to print notes 10 point, single space, taken on a computer.   Optional to include takehome hour exam recommended for students who received B- or less on Hour exam.  3 papers & exam creates Grade of 40% of class grade.  PLEASE put a tab that sticks out (sticker, divider tab, or tape) on best draft for grading of paper 1, 2, exam, and takehome hr exam that was not required of all.  Portfolio itself to be grade check-, check, or check +.

Lecture on Examining Objects in Renaissance Pursuit of Knowledge: Curiousity cabinets as an origin of Museums. Piero de’ Medici’s Study in Florence, Isabelle d’Este’s Suites in Mantua

 10) Brotton, ch. 5 “Science and Philosophy” (Relate to last Friday’s lecture)

Sun. Oct. 30 OPTIONAL trip to Los Angeles County Museum 10 am – 2 p.m.  Especially for contemporary exhibits and Prof. Horowitz tour of Renaissance curiosity cabinet treasures and paintings.

Mon. Oct. 31 11:50 a.m. Thorne Hall Lecture: Larissa FastHorse and Edd Hogan  

Wed. Nov. 2  10 minutes Discuss Oct. 31 lecture.  Paper 4 a) Write a paper on different ways of expressing individuality in the Renaissance versus today. Include electronic reserves of Burckhardt (Individualism, II: 143-174), Burke, Martin or articles in Ruggierio’s edited book. You may choose 4-6 people to discuss as examples.  Your own thoughts on individuality are essential to this paper. b) Write a thought-piece clearly presenting your view on a characteristic trait of the Renaissance or of a sub-group of Renaissance people, or of striking differences between living in a specific 15-year period in a specific country or city-state of the Renaissance versus living in a place of your experience the last 15 years.     MLA notes as needed with Works Cited.

Discussion based on your thoughts in papers.

Fri. Nov. 4 Examine Rubens’ Paintings of 5 Senses.    Discuss Brotton ch. 5  New subjects available in 17th century.  Consider diverse paths to knowledge (philosophical field of epistemology): sense knowledge (Aristotle’s theory), innate ideas (Plato’s Theory as in Meno) or potentialities or seeds in garden of the mind (Seneca and Cicero’s theory).  Consider diverse paths to morality (philosophical field of moral philosophy) based on revival of ancient books on ethics and the separation of philosophical discipline of ethics from theology.

11)  Start Voltaire, Candide  Type in your answers on “Questions to answer while reading Voltaire’s Candide.” (Available for download on MOODLE. Please type name on top, type your responses after question. Then state “Class discussion caused to consider......” ) Good reading comprehension aids in good writing. See due date Nov. 21.

Mon.  Nov. 7  Discuss Candide, questions  1-3     Ways the Renaissance leads to the Enlightenment.   

Wed. Nov. 9  Discuss Candide, questions 4-7

 Fri. Nov. 11 Discuss Candide, questions 8-13. Signups for speaking on questions 16-18 next Friday.

Fri. Nov. 11 is due date for REWRITES of PAPER 3 (only l with UChic. Endnotes). The 2nd Portfolio allowing rewrites of paper 4 and 5 (rewrites may be turned in as late as Fri. Dec. 2).

12) Brotton ch. 6 “Rewriting the Renaissance”

Mon. Nov. 14 Bring Turabian and draft of paper for Wed.  Writing Workshop.  Panel discussions for paper 5.

Wed. Nov. 16 Prof. Horowitz will collect papers outside Thorne Hall middle door before 11:45 Thorne Hall lecture by James Rojas

Paper 5.  a) Write a contemporary dialogue between a person who recommends becoming a specialist versus a person who recommends becoming a multi-varied individual.  b) OR take a clear stand on the choice you would like to make on specialization versus well-roundedness arguing against other positions.  It will be useful to use techniques recommended in Gerald Graff amd Cathy Birkenstein They Say I Say (Reserve)

 Fri. Nov. 18 10-15 minutes Discuss lecture by James Rojas.  Discuss Candide, questions 16-18 (especially your assignment)

13)   Mon. Nov. 21  Pass in your your typed answers on Candide.  Keep a copy for

studying for essay exam Mon. Nov. 28.

Thanksgiving Holidays


Mon. Nov. 28 In-Class Exam 2 (Brown Lab, Academic Commons): Candide, class work since last exam, Brotton chs. 4-6. Note differences of learning from ancient books, learning from books written in one’s own times, learning from examining natural and crafts objects (curiosity cabinets), learning from finding alternative viewpoints of “authorities” as in Montaigne’s Essays,  learning from repeated and shared scientific experiments (Francis Bacon, Newton, Royal Society), learning from a “Grand Tour” of ancient and Renaissance sights, and learning from travel in diverse places during war and natural disasters (Voltaire’s Candide).

There was the unusual chance to rewrite last exam; but there will not be that opportunity this time.

Wed. Nov. 30  Man for All Seasons or Belle   Part of Film, then discussion.

Fri. Dec. 2    PORTFOLIO DUE at class or at Swan 314 office hours  8-9:50 a.m.

Man for All Seasons or Belle   Film continues,  then discussion.


Mon. Dec. 5   Last Class (last day for any makeup work)    IPhone or computer for evaluations.

No Final.  Write well on your other finals.



Essay Examinations:
Medical note required for taking a makeup exam. Lateness on a written assignment or absence from assigned group presentation requires a medical note (with advance planning, one might change a group assignment).

Students will type essay exams in a PC lab.  For exam l, an essay  will focus on a  major topic treated in class lecture, reading (Brotton), and discussion in which you will interpret an aspect of a historical period (especially politics and culture) by its specific primary sources ( texts or visual artifacts). A general question may ask you to include a certain number of specific people, events, texts or images from a list.  For exam 2, your essay will consider an assigned primary source text on educational or societal ideals and the challenges of creating such an education or such a society.

Computers are encouraged  in class for reference to an e-book or e-article or for note-taking, but for no other activities such as messaging, emailing, or browsing.

Occidental College Policies:

College Policy on Academic Honesty: Current policy at   This class helps prevent plagiarism by teaching you how to note either quoted or summarized material and create a Works Cited in M.L.A. Style, (Turabian, ch. 19) and to understand the endnote style of writing, and Primary and Secondary Source Bibliographies in University of Chicago Style (Turabian, ch. 18).  It is appropriate to bring an early draft of your paper to faculty office hours to discuss whether you are properly putting reading into your own words and putting quotation marks when borrowing phrases, and whether you are making notation for both your summaries and your quotations.

College Policy on Disabilities: Students with documented disabilities who are registered with Disability Services are required to present their accommodation letter to the instructor at the beginning of each semester or as soon as possible thereafter. Any student who experiences significant physical or mental impairments may contact Disability Services at (323) 259-2969 to learn about available services and support.  More information is available at

Occidental College is committed to ensuring the academic success and overall well-being of students who have experienced sexual violence. Any student who has experienced sexual violence and/or is impacted by the topic, including through exposure to subject matter or discussion in a class, can contact the Project S.A.F.E. office at to learn about available resources, services and support. More information is available at

Students are expected to carefully read and abide by the rules of the Student Handbook.  The Handbook on-line has separate links for Academic Ethics, Code of Student Conduct, General College Policies, Res Ed & Housing Policies.