Museum and Art of Collection
History 300 Section 3 Fall 2002
Classroom: Library 251, Mondays,
Prof. Maryanne Horowitz
My semester office hours at Swan 316 are W. 2:40-4:30, F. 12:15-1:15 and by appointment.
email firstname.lastname@example.org office phone 323-259-2583
Hist. 300. Museum and Art of Collection.
museum originates in the early modern passion for collecting. We shall study the
interrelated emergence of libraries, botanical gardens, and university and
palace curiosity cabinets as collectors sought to gain an encyclopedic
knowledge. The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens and
Books in Bookstore
Roger Chartier, The Order of Books, trans.
Elizabeth Eisenstein, The Printing Revolution in Early
Carol Duncan, Civilizing Rituals: Inside Public Art Museums (Routledge, 1995)
Roland and Françoise Etienne, The Search for Ancient
Eilean Hooper-Greenhill, Museums and the Shaping of Knowledge (Routledge,1992) (expected in October)
Grade and Requirements:
50% research paper and 50% other classwork.
To meet history major comprehensive requirement, history majors need grade of final paper (1/3 of course grade) to be at least a B-.
Fraction of Course Grade:
2/6. Paper passed in Mon. Nov. 18, Swan 316. 15 pp. Research paper plus endnotes and bibliography divided into primary sources, secondary sources (including articles, books, and websites) Follow Univ. of Chicago style as in Turabian and in American Historical Review. If an appendix contains illustrations, include a list of figures.
1/6 Intermediate steps for paper are marked in italics under class due date. This course advances students’ writing through feedback on numerous intermediate steps. (All assignments are due by Mon. unless otherwise indicated.) ).
1/6. Midterm essays. Mon. Oct. 21
1/6. Oral reports, presentations, sharing of sources, class discussion of reading, and commentary on others’ projects
1/6. Takehome essays due Mon Dec. 2. , Swan 316. They may be passed in instead at Mon. Nov. 25.
The class meets p.m.on Sept. 9, film on Sept. 16 may be seen another time that week, 23, 30; Oct. 7, 14, 21, 28; Nov. 4, 11,18, 25, Dec. 2. 2 additional museum visits are required; more are recommended. Please email Prof. Horowitz if you must miss class to learn how to make up for the class. If any more than 3 hours of class time is missed during the semester, the student will be expected to do a written report on topics of that class time (via other students’ notes & recommended additional readings).
Collections to Visit:
Special Collections Room and Braun Room,
Resources of Occidental College Library from http://departments.oxy.edu/library/rtools.html
"Ancient, Medieval, and Renaissance Sites" from Horowitz
Assignments for Class Meetings
Mon. Sept. 9, , Library 251
Interconnected origins of libraries, musuems and botanical gardens.
Controversy on Eisenstein's thesis on the impact of the printing press.
Visit Special Collections,
Email by Thurs. Sept. 12 to email@example.com the names of museums or famous libraries or special gardens (with their city or country location) you have ever visited! Obviously, you can mention only the ones you remember, but a description with location is fine to replace the name. How young were you at your first memory of a museum?
Check out l book on
Fri. Sept. 13 Trip to
Sept. 16 instead of class: The Name of the Rose (128 minutes) (PN1995.9.D4 N36 1987), in viewing room on floor 1, Library (Ellen and Dorna in charge). Focus on views of medieval library arrangement, appearance of manuscripts, as well as attitudes toward ancient books. Film was based on book by Eco. Sean Connery plays Bernard de Fournival, whose garden of manuscripts helped plant the Sorbonne's original collection.
Sept. 23 Be prepared to discuss Elizabeth Eisenstein, The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe.
presentations: ch. 1 Orika ch.
2 Becca ch. 3 Zach ch. 4
Visit Braun Room, Occidental College Library From The Name of the Rose, discuss in class changing attitudes toward ancient manuscripts, changing roles of librarians, and overcoming taboos on seeking knowledge.
General discussion of differences between ages: oral cultures worldwide, ancient civilizations with written scrolls and engraved stones, age of manuscript book, age of printed book, age of computer.
Sept. 30 Read Chartier, Preface, chs. 1 and 2. Discussion of Chartier's ideas on history of readers and history of authors. Read. R. and E. Etienne, pp. l-33 on ancient Roman, medieval, and Renaissance collecting of Greek antiquities. Notice chronology, pp. 164-167.
Slide-lecture on Renaissance gardens:
Due. Topic(s) and
working bibliography. Pick a particular collection or collector in U.S.A or
Oct. 7 Finish Chartier, ch. 3 on early modern idea of the library and Epilogue.
Read Hooper-Greenhill, chs. 2-3 on
Each student by Oct. 7 reports on an important reading for the research paper (a short reading may be distributed or placed on reserve a week ahead)
Due: Thesis statement of committed topic and subdivided bibliography.
By Oct. 16 visit The Huntington (Notice especially the exhibit
on the history of the book, the Shakespeare garden, the
Wed. Oct. 16. Read Hooper-Greenville, chs. 4 , 5, 1, and think about the shift in ways of arranging cabinets of museum objects and the shifts in the ways of arranging books.
Due at Swan mailbox 10 a.m, Oct. 16: 100-150 word paper abstract
Fri. Oct. 19 Substitute class meeting in Prof. Horowitz’s office to discuss Hooper-Greenhill and receive abstracts back.
Oct 21. 2 Hours Midterm essays in-class. You may use your books and your notebook.:
Essays on Eisenstein, Chartier, and Hooper-Greenhill chs. 1-5.
Use your experience of The Huntington and at the
Class meeting to discuss paper projects.
Hooper-Greenhilll, chs. 6 on the royal society.
R. and E. Etienne, ch. 3 and pp. 130-135.
Due: Sentence outline of paper with some notes labeled by outline section.
R. and E. Etienne, chs. 4-6 and pp. 136-139, 154-157.
Discuss whether the
Hooper-Greenhill, ch. 7 on the disciplinary museum
Due: 2 copies of at least 10 pp. of paper with endnotes and primary and secondary source bibliography. Revised complete sentence outline (a sentence corresponds to the topical sentence of each paragraph of the paper).
R. and E. Etienne, chs. 7-8 and pp. 140-153, 158-163
Hooper-Greenhill, ch. 8, review ch. 1.
Each student by Nov. 11 reports on a second important reading for the research paper (a short reading may be distributed or placed on reserve a week ahead)
Due: l-page each commentary on two student papers.
Discussion of Student Papers.
Due at at office Swan 316: Final paper of 15 pp.
plus endnotes & bibliography subdivided into at least primary sources and
secondary sources in
Rides leave from fountain at .
Polished Student Presentations of Papers (15-20 minutes). Student Evaluations.
Dec. 2 Takehome essay due by , Swan 316. 1 of the essays will be on 20th century museums which utilizes experience in L.A. museums as well as Hooper-Greenhill, Duncan, and R. and E. Etienne.
Read on reserve American Historical Review (103,1), Feb. 1998: "AHR Forum, especially, Paula Findlen "Possessing the Past: The Material World of the Italian Renaissance," pp. 83-114, as well as William J. Bouwsma, Anthony Grafton and Randolph Starn. Individual reports on responses of Bouwsma, Grafton and Starn. Evaluate whether collecting is or is not a defining characteristic of the Renaissance. Are Findlen's and Eisenstein's theses compatible?
Final Graded Papers returned to students. There is no class meeting during Final Week.
Essays will be returned in Horowitz large in Hist. 300 folder in large outgoing mailbox below incoming small Horowitz mailbox.
INTERMEDIATE STEPS FOR PAPER are marked in italics above.
Student reports on key readings for their papers are welcome for scheduling a week ahead (a short reading for other students to discuss may be placed on reserve or handed out); each student should make 2 such reports.
It is best to do all stages of paper in a wordprocessing computer program with spelling and grammar checker and to regularly discuss paper and sources with classmates.
Use Turabian as your guide for endnotes and bibliography.
Some Paper Topics on which Prof. Horowitz can offer considerable assistance:
Collecting in encyclopedias and dictionaries:
18th century encyclopedias
Transformation from 20th century to 21st century electronic encyclopedias
Early history of the Vatican Library
Rooms in the
Isabella d'Este and her
suites of collecting rooms in
Author Portraits in Library of the Duke of Urbino
Study of the Duke of Urbino
in Gubbio (in
Collecting by Piero de' Medici and Lorenzo de' Medici
Collections of the later Medici
Eleanor of Toledo's suites of
rooms in the Palazzo Vecchio,
Botanical Garden in
Botanical Garden in
French Middle Ages and Renaissance:
Papal Palace at
Botanical Garden in
The study of Michel de Montaigne
Gabriel Naudé, librarian of 17th century
Versailles, collecting in 17th century
Origins of the Louvre, late 18th century
Bibliothèque nationale, 19th and 20th centuries
El Escorial of King Philip II, especially the library
Spanish confrontation with Amerindian cultural objects and buildings
Origins of the collection in the Prado
Imperial Busts in the Cotton Collection
A particular collection of the British Museum
British Library--its transformations
New British Library of 21st century
Henry VIII and confiscation of monastic libraries
Oxford-one of the libraries, especially the Bodleian
Cambridge-one of the libraries
Trinity College Library, Dublin
Harvard University Library in early modern period
Library of American Philosophical Society and American government in Philadelphia
A particular collection of the Metropolitan Museum
The Cloisters Museum, NYC
Peter the Great and the collecting of Western Art