Occidental College                                Hist 226  Spring 2018

Prof. Maryanne Horowitz 
Office: Swan 314   323-259-2583 (x2583 on campus) 
Office Hours:
8-9:50  Mon. &  9-9:55 Wed. , and by appointment

Class meets 10:40-11:35 MWF

Books Required (bookstore, or can be ordered from Amazon.com) check Reserves or Link+)

Merry Wiesner-Hanks,  Early Modern Europe, 1450-1789

Lynn Hunt, Inventing Human Rights

Ishay, Human Rights Reader, 2nd edition

Scans of Ishay, History of Human Rights

Recommended Oxy Events:  History Dept.: Confederate Monument Controversy, Prof. Nina Silber, Th. Feb. 15, 4:30 p.m.  Theatre Dept: Shakespeare’s Winter’s Tale  Students may suggest other events.


1/3 Class attendance, participation, initiative, intellectual discussion

1/3 2 In-class exams Wed. March 7 and Wed. April 18 (writing at computers and printing)

1/3  10-page term paper plus U. Chicago endnotes and Bibliography divided into Primary (such as documents in Ishay) and Secondary Sources on student’s topic of choice.  See Reserves for suggested readings; Wiesner-Hanks suggests readings at the end of chapters.    Topic proposal Feb. 12;  Paper Thesis and Bibliography  Wed. Feb. 28, revision acceptable on Fri. March 2; Sentence Outline March 19,  Paper passed in Wed. April 4.

Other items available on reserve. Required books may also be on reserve or available Link+

Hist. 226 Reading to be completed by beginning of Monday class unless otherwise indicated.

By Fri. Jan. 26, read Hunt, Inventing Human Rights, chs. 1 and 2

Jan. 29 Wiesner-Hanks (W-H), Introduction, Ch. 1.

      By Fri. Feb. 2, Hunt, chs. 3 and 4   

Feb. 5  W-H, ch. 2   By Fri. Feb. 9 Hunt, ch. 5 and Appendix of documents. Be prepared to discuss thesis of entire book. Are some chapters more convincing than others?  Individual assignments in Ishay (reserve scan from her other book History of Human Rights, ch. 2 “Human Rights and the Enlightenment”)

Mon. Feb. 12 Bring proposal for research paper: write a paragraph describing your interest. Include at least l primary source of importance for your topic. Short bibliography with call numbers would be useful (not necessary to have checked books out yet).

Feb. 12 W-H, ch. 3 and 4  Individual assignments in Scan of Ishay, History of Human Rights, ch. 1 “Early Ethical Contributions to Human Rights”     Recommended Th. Feb. 15 4:30 p.m. Confederate Monument Controversy, Choi Auditorium

W. Feb. 14  Individual assignments on documents. Ishay, The Human Rights Reader 2nd ed., ch. 5 “Liberal Vision of Human Rights” and Ch. 15, documents  pp. 483-487.

Fri. Feb. 16

Mon Holiday.

W. Feb. 21 W-H  5 Film Belle in class Wed. Feb. 21 & Fri Feb. 23  (Johnson 313)

 Mon. Feb. 26 See Belle. (Johnson 313)

Wed. Feb. 28 Back to Library 355. Bring Paper thesis and bibliography divided into primary and secondary sources.   Revision accceptable on Fri. March 2.  Discuss Individual reports assigned in W-H ch. 5. Read also the 18th century documents extending rights of “man” to “women” explicitly:  7.7 Olympes de Gouges 7.8 Wollstestonecraft (in The Human Rights Reader)

March 5 W-H  6  Meet at pcs outside writing center, bottom floor of Academic Commons.  Hour Exam on Wed. March 7:

25 min. W-H chs. 1-5 (class chose chs. 2 & 4 for testing)

25 min. Hunt, Inventing Human Rights as unified argument in consideration of Ishay, History, chs. 1 & 2, documents in Reader assigned and Belle.

March 19 W-H 7, 8   Mon. March 19. Pass in sentence outline of paper.

March 21, 23 Class in Fowler 310.  See film Sally Hemings in Fowler 310.

March 26 W-H 9  Discuss Sally Hemings.  March 28 Ishay, Human Rights Reader, ch. 7 Human rights for whom? and documents pp. 488-92

April 2  W-H 10   

Wed. April 4. Pass in 2 copies of paper Times Roman, Double Space, Paginated 10 pages plus U. Chicago Endnotes and Bibliography divided into Primary and Secondary sources.

April 9 W-H 11, 12  Ishay, scan of History of Human Rights, “A Chronology of Events and Writings related to Human Rights”

April 11 Completed Global Encounters lecture

April 15 Discussion favorite topics for exam; topics one wants to learn more about. Lecture on 17th century French Absolutism vs. English Civil War and 1688 limited monarchy.

April 16 W-H  13   Mon. Pass in 2 copies of Takehome exam typed, Times roman, 12 Point.  3 pages (parenthetical MLA citations to documents in The Human Rights Reader or to class films.) Discuss the development in texts of 16th through 18th centuries of the right to private property and either the right to freedom of religion OR the right to freedom of expression-- with consideration of viewpoints of Mary Wollstonecraft and Olympe de Gouges. Include issue of owning another person and issue of who participates in government institutions.   Suggest sections of chs. 6-13 to leave out of exam.

Wed. April 18 Hour Exam on W-H 6-13 and classwork.  8 questions, 6 minutes each. Identify (who/what, where when) and give the significance  OR relate l item to another item.  Some choice.

Fri. April 20. Meet in Special Collections, top floor of Academic Commons for experiencing an early modern book collection.

Student reporting next 4 classes on items of interest from Hist. 226 reserves,Special Collections, or other items related to this class. 

April 23 Printing Press as an Agent of Historical Change: Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific Advance, Skepticism, and Defiance of Censorship

April 25 Visual Cues to Collecting and Early Modern Origins of Museums. 

April 27  Stages of French Revolution: challenges of instituting human rights protections. Exams returned.

Mon. April 30 Last Class: Eleanor Roosevelt announcing Human Rights at UN.

 Time for students evaluations on computers.

Recommended Events: History Dept.: Confederate Monument Controversy, Prof. Nina Silber, Th. Feb. 15, 4:30 p.m.   Theatre DeptShakespeare’s Winter’s Tale   Students might suggest other events.

College Policies

The Writing Center (located on the Ground Floor of the Academic Commons) offers students from all disciplines two types of support to work on their writing: peer-to-peer, drop-in consultations with knowledgeable Writing Advisers, Sunday through Thursday from 7:00-11:00 p.m., and appointments with Faculty Writing Specialists from the Writing and Rhetoric department. Information about the Writing Center and a link to the appointment system is on the WC website:


Disability Services Statement: Students with documented disabilities who are registered with Disability Services are required to present their accommodation letter to the instructor at the beginning of each semester or as soon as possible thereafter. Any student who experiences physical or mental impairments may contact Disability Services at (323) 259-2969 to learn about available services and support. More information is available at http://www.oxy.edu/disability-services.


Academic Ethics Academic Ethics https://www.oxy.edu/student-handbook/academic-ethics/academic-ethics

Students are responsible for knowing the following: Shared commitment to ethical principles is essential to the educational purposes and fairness of the academic enterprise. Occidental College assumes that students and faculty will embrace a high ethical standard for academic work. In all work, students shall behave conscientiously, taking and giving credit where credit is due, avoiding even an appearance of impropriety, and when in doubt, consulting the instructor or other knowledgeable persons as to whether particular conduct, collaboration, and/or acknowledgment of sources is appropriate.  Students also shall report suspected misconduct and participate in an academic disciplinary hearing if required.

Academic misconduct occurs when a student misrepresents others' work as her/his own or otherwise behaves so as to unfairly advantage her/himself or another student academically. Examples of misconduct include cheating and plagiarism and failure to report suspected academic misconduct. If misconduct occurs to any extent in connection with any academic work, it will be subject to disciplinary action.

Cheating Defined

Cheating occurs when a student attempts to complete or take credit for work by any dishonest means or assists another in doing so. Some examples of cheating include, but are not limited to, lying to obtain an academic advantage; copying from another’s exam or assignment or collaborating on an exam or assignment, unless specifically allowed by the instructor; submitting the same work in more than one course without instructor permission; falsifying data collected in research or laboratory courses; taking or receiving copies of an exam without the permission of the instructor; and using notes or other information devices inappropriate to the test conditions.

Plagiarism Defined

Plagiarism occurs when the ideas, organization, or language of another are incorporated into one’s work without properly crediting the original source with a citation or other disclosure. It includes re-writing or re-formatting material without acknowledging the original source of the ideas. Even if the language and organization are in the student’s own words, any ideas or information that are not common knowledge must be acknowledged in a reference.

Students are responsible for knowing and using the correct procedures for acknowledging and identifying sources of borrowed material. Failure to properly credit sources in all or part of work presented in draft or final form to anyone is plagiarism, regardless of whether it occurs as a result of dishonest intent or carelessness and regardless of the course credit attached to it. As a student scholar, if you:

Penalties for academic misconduct are severe (see “Academic Misconduct”), and ignorance of the principles and policies concerning cheating and plagiarism is not a defense.  Students with any doubts at all about whether an action or piece of academic work involves academic misconduct should consult their instructors before committing the action or submitting the work.

You are responsible for knowing the Academic Misconduct procedures:  (Read the long description directly at the Oxy’s website.)


Accomodations for Reasons of Faith and Conscience Statement:

Consistent with Occidental College’s commitment to creating an academic community that is respectful of and welcoming to persons of differing backgrounds, we believe that students should be excused from class for reasons of faith and conscience without academic consequence.  While it is not feasible to schedule coursework around all days of conviction for a class as a whole, faculty will honor requests from individual students to reschedule coursework, to be absent from classes that conflict with the identified days.  Information about this process is available on the ORSL website:


Title IX Statement:

It is important for you to know that all faculty members are mandated reporters of any incidents of sexual misconduct. That means that I cannot keep information about sexual misconduct confidential if you share that information with me.

Marianne Frapwell, the Survivor Advocate, can advise you confidentially as can counselors at Emmons Wellness Center and Rev. Susan Young, Director of the Office of Religious & Spiritual Life.  You can also contact counselors at the 24/7 Hotline 323-341-4141. Marianne can also help you access other resources on campus and in the local community.  You can reach Marianne  at 323-259-1359 or survivoradvocate@oxy.edu and her office is in Stewart-Cleland Hall Lower Lounge.

The sexual misconduct policy, along with additional resources, can be found at: http://www.oxy.edu/sexual-respect-title-ix/policies-procedures.