Prof. Maryanne Horowitz

Ancient Athens & Renaissance Florence
History 220, Spring 2018

Hist. 220 Ancient Athens and Renaissance Florence   CORE Pre-1800 and Regional Focus 

                 History & Classical Studies & GWSS credit

Class meets 1:55-2:50 p.m. MWF Fowler 110

Prof. Maryanne Horowitz 
Office: Swan 314   323-259-2583 (x2583 on campus) 
Office Hours:
8-9:50  Mon. &  9-9:55 Wed. , and by appointment

Recommended Events: History Dept.: Confederate Monument Controversy, Prof. Nina Silber, Th. Feb. 15, 4:30 p.m.   Theatre Dept: Shakespeare’s Winter’s Tale   Students might suggest other events.


Books in Bookstore (also available used from

H John Camp and Elizabeth Fisher, The World of the Ancient Greeks (Thames and Hudson, 2010)

Plato The Symposium (trans. Christopher Gill, Penguin Press or trans. by Jowett on-line)

Margaret L. King,  The Renaissance in Europe

Gene Brucker, Giovanni and Lusanna: Love and Marriage in Renaissance Florence


To gain familiarity with major events, people, and movements in the history of pre-modern Western Civilization 

To learn basic methods of historical investigation, particularly analysis of textual and visual sources in the context of two very influential city-states (with many documents available in English)

To experience the process of interpreting major movements in ancient and Renaissance history (including Renaissance interpretation of antiquity)

To develop skills in historical argument, writing, and oral presentation.


1/3 Class attendance and discussion.

1/3 4-page paper due at beginning of class Wed. Feb.  14 analyzing at least 2 viewpoints on love advocated in Plato’s Symposium  (Use M.L.A. parenthetical notes and add Works Cited

         Typed Exam l on Wed. March 7

1/3  4-page paper at beginning of class Wed. April 4 comparing primary sources by two writers or artists of Renaissance Florence ( Bartlett, The Civilization of the Italian Renaissance: a Sourcebook  on reserve is a good place to start) (Use M.L.A. parenthetical notes and add Works Cited.)

        Typed Exam 2 on Wed. April 18.

Reading by Weeks. Read by Monday unless otherwise indicated

Fri. Jan. 26  Camp and Fisher, ch. 1, Who were the Greeks?   Symposium, trans. Gill, pp. 3- 21.

Jan. 29  Camp and Fisher, ch. 5 Polis: the early Greek City, pp. 76-93, 97-101, 104-109, 110-115 Persian Wars  Bring Plato, Symposium, each Friday.

Fri. Feb. 2  Camp and Fisher, ch.6 Classical Athens  Symposium, trans. Gill, pp. 22-50

Feb. 5 2  Camp and Fisher, ch. 7 Gods and Heroes      Fri. Complete discussion of Plato’s Symposium, 51-64. Students compare and contrast 2 speeches.

Feb. 12      Camp and Fisher, ch. 8 Greek Art and Architecture                    WED Feb. 14 paper due on Plato’s Symposium.

W. Feb. 21  Camp and Fisher, ch. 9, Alexander and the Hellenistic World     See film TROY  Fri. Feb. 23

Mon. Feb.26. Discuss selection from Iliad and film version. (Moral issues, Battle scenes, Funeral rites, Concubinage, Friendship) Have read the documents on Alexander and finish individual reports.

Wed. Feb. 28, Fri. March 2 and Mon. March 5, Introduction to the Italian Renaissance as started in Florence 14th century. Browse in King textbook and Bartlett or other books (on reserve) or Grendler’s Encyclopedia of the Renaissance to pick individuals of interest to you for next paper.

Lectures have already included on Renaissance Florence: “Burckhardtian Renaissance,” “ Introduction to key buildings in Renaissance Florence” via google images to Florence,  Giotto’s innovations in art, Petrarch’s humanism, , Athens as an ideal city to emulate (goal to gather its Greek manuscripts and translate them), Botticelli’s Primavera and Birth of Venus related to 2 Venuses in Symposium, Seznec Survival of the Pagan Gods, Huizinga, Waning of the Middle Age, Brucker’s use of Florentine legal records as example Florentine preservation of records and Medici book collection.

Hour Exam on computers Wed. March 7        Fri. March 9 Begin Giovanni and Lusanna, Preface, and ch. 1. Discussion of types of individuals you’d like for your paper 2.

Spring Break.

Mon. March 19 Submit proposal on 2 individuals for paper 2. Margaret King, ch. 2  on Republics              

 Wed. March 21 & Fri. 23 Discussions, mini-lectures related to paper topics chosen

Read about Michelangelo (1475-1564) and Julius II (r. 1503-13), as  in King, pp. 77,  132-3, 171 on list of popes and “Challenges to the Papacy,” pp. 172-4. Especially on northern Invasion of Italian states, starting 1494, read  pp.216-220. See film Agony and Ecstasy on confrontations of 2 individuals Michelangelo & Pope Julius II.  (Prof. Horowitz is at Renaissance Society of America meeting in New Orleans)

Mon. March 26 King, ch. 3 on Humanists, Continue Giovanni and Lusanna, chs. 2 and 3.   Discussion of reading. Discussion of film.

Wed. March 28 Varieties of Florentine humanism.

Fri. March 30 Report on a Voices section of interest to you in King.

Mon. April 2  King ch. 4 on Patrons & Artists. Also on Medici and Florentine politics pp. 212-22, 225-233.  

Wed. April 4 paper due in 2 copies.  Workshop on papers. 

Friday April 6 report on a Focus section of interest to you in King.

Mon. April 9 King, ch. 5 on Public and Private Lives     

Wed. April 11 Complete Giovanni and Lusanna chs. 4, 5 and discuss the case overall.

Fi. April 13. Guidelines for studying for exam: 8 Identify (who/what, where, when) and argue the significance.

 Lecture “Machiavelli and Machiavellianism”

Mon. April 16 King, pp. 341-350 on women and education.      Review for Exam.

Lecture on Political History of Florence after Lorenzo the Magnificent

Wed. April 18   Hour exam on computers Wed. April 18

Fri. April 20 Go directly to Special Collections, 3rd floor of Academic Commons, to experience a Renaissance library.

Check out 2 items on class reserve reading of interest to bring Mon. April 23: students picked ancient priestesses, impact of

Greek mythology, political theory and history before Machiavelli.

Mon. April 23 Handout. Read, analyze pp. 301-306 of Women’s Life in Greece & Rome on priestesses from Women’s Life in Greece and Rome.

 Women in Ancient Greek Religion and impact later as in Eleusis.

Wed. April 25 Lecture: Books on political history and political theory known in the Renaissance

 Fri. April 27   Student presentation on a Greek myth in the Renaissance. Student presentation and handout for leading of discussion on

15th century texts on politics of republics. Exams passed back.

Mon. April 30 Last Class: Discussion of hand-out on Golden Age/Garden of Eden and on Pagan Gods/Goddesses

in the Renaissance.   Time for student evaluations on computers.  




College Policies

The Writing Center (located on the Ground Floor of the Academic Commons) offers students from all disciplines two types of support to work on their writing: peer-to-peer, drop-in consultations with knowledgeable Writing Advisers, Sunday through Thursday from 7:00-11:00 p.m., and appointments with Faculty Writing Specialists from the Writing and Rhetoric department. Information about the Writing Center and a link to the appointment system is on the WC website:

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Students are responsible for knowing the following: Shared commitment to ethical principles is essential to the educational purposes and fairness of the academic enterprise. Occidental College assumes that students and faculty will embrace a high ethical standard for academic work. In all work, students shall behave conscientiously, taking and giving credit where credit is due, avoiding even an appearance of impropriety, and when in doubt, consulting the instructor or other knowledgeable persons as to whether particular conduct, collaboration, and/or acknowledgment of sources is appropriate.  Students also shall report suspected misconduct and participate in an academic disciplinary hearing if required.

Academic misconduct occurs when a student misrepresents others' work as her/his own or otherwise behaves so as to unfairly advantage her/himself or another student academically. Examples of misconduct include cheating and plagiarism and failure to report suspected academic misconduct. If misconduct occurs to any extent in connection with any academic work, it will be subject to disciplinary action.

Cheating Defined

Cheating occurs when a student attempts to complete or take credit for work by any dishonest means or assists another in doing so. Some examples of cheating include, but are not limited to, lying to obtain an academic advantage; copying from another’s exam or assignment or collaborating on an exam or assignment, unless specifically allowed by the instructor; submitting the same work in more than one course without instructor permission; falsifying data collected in research or laboratory courses; taking or receiving copies of an exam without the permission of the instructor; and using notes or other information devices inappropriate to the test conditions.

Plagiarism Defined

Plagiarism occurs when the ideas, organization, or language of another are incorporated into one’s work without properly crediting the original source with a citation or other disclosure. It includes re-writing or re-formatting material without acknowledging the original source of the ideas. Even if the language and organization are in the student’s own words, any ideas or information that are not common knowledge must be acknowledged in a reference.

Students are responsible for knowing and using the correct procedures for acknowledging and identifying sources of borrowed material. Failure to properly credit sources in all or part of work presented in draft or final form to anyone is plagiarism, regardless of whether it occurs as a result of dishonest intent or carelessness and regardless of the course credit attached to it. As a student scholar, if you:

  • Quote directly from a source: you must enclose the quoted material, even if it is no more than a phrase or a single distinctive word (such as a neologism), within quotation marks, and provide a reference.
  • Paraphrase, i.e., restate the material in your own words: (a) the paraphrasing must represent a substantial change from the original, not just the changing of occasional words and phrases, and (b) you must provide a reference.
  • Present material that is common knowledge, but borrow someone else’s organizational pattern: you must acknowledge that borrowing in a reference.

Penalties for academic misconduct are severe (see “Academic Misconduct”), and ignorance of the principles and policies concerning cheating and plagiarism is not a defense.  Students with any doubts at all about whether an action or piece of academic work involves academic misconduct should consult their instructors before committing the action or submitting the work.

You are responsible for knowing the Academic Misconduct procedures:  (Read the long description directly at the Oxy’s website.)

Accomodations for Reasons of Faith and Conscience Statement:

Consistent with Occidental College’s commitment to creating an academic community that is respectful of and welcoming to persons of differing backgrounds, we believe that students should be excused from class for reasons of faith and conscience without academic consequence.  While it is not feasible to schedule coursework around all days of conviction for a class as a whole, faculty will honor requests from individual students to reschedule coursework, to be absent from classes that conflict with the identified days.  Information about this process is available on the ORSL website:

Title IX Statement:

It is important for you to know that all faculty members are mandated reporters of any incidents of sexual misconduct. That means that I cannot keep information about sexual misconduct confidential if you share that information with me.

Marianne Frapwell, the Survivor Advocate, can advise you confidentially as can counselors at Emmons Wellness Center and Rev. Susan Young, Director of the Office of Religious & Spiritual Life.  You can also contact counselors at the 24/7 Hotline 323-341-4141. Marianne can also help you access other resources on campus and in the local community.  You can reach Marianne  at 323-259-1359 or and her office is in Stewart-Cleland Hall Lower Lounge.

The sexual misconduct policy, along with additional resources, can be found at:  

................After Printing of Syllabus: